Turvallisen ja hygieenisen maidon edistys ja kehitys

Quality-based pricing of milk

Finnish farmers are incentivized to produce high quality milk through a quality-based pricing system. The portion of milk in the highest paid category (Category E) has increased exponentially over the past three decades.


The Finnish quality-based pricing system consists of three price categories: E, I and II. The highest paid category (Category E) contains low somatic cell and bacterial counts, and it cannot contain remnants of antimicrobial drugs or other foreign substances.
 

Table: Quality-based pricing system for Finnish milk
  

Category

Somatic cell count; cells/ml

      (3-month sliding geometric mean)

    Bacterial count; CFU/ml

    (2-month sliding geometric mean)

E

< 250 000

< 50 000

I

250 000–400 000

50 000–100 000

II

> 400 000

> 100 000

 In 2019, 97.3% of Finnish milk was classified as Category E. The portion of category E-milk was the highest in February (98.0 %) and the lowest in August (96.0 %). The portion of milk in Category E has increased significantly over the past three decades.
  

Figure 1: The portion of milk in Category E has increased significantly over the past three decades.

 

 Figure 2: The portion of milk in Category E is the highest in the winter and the lowest in the summer.